U.S. Marine Corps Research Findings: Where is the Case for Co-Ed Ground Combat?
The Center for Military Readiness has released a new two-section, 38-page Interim CMR Special Report that analyzes recently-released results of U.S. Marine Corps research done on the subject of Women in Direct Ground Combat. Data released to date confirm that implementation of plans to order women into direct ground combat units by January 2016 would needlessly harm military women, men in the combat arms, and the All-Volunteer Force on which national security depends.
CMR President Elaine Donnelly has called on Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter to honor his own promise that his decision regarding women in close combat recommendations would rely on “the analytic underpinnings and the data supporting them.” By that measure, Donnelly said, “Secretary Carter must assign greater weight to Marine Corps empirical evidence than he does to wishful thinking, unsupported speculations, and ‘mitigation myths.’ “
Key findings analyzed in the December 2015 Interim CMR Special Report are highlighted here:
As the report explains, for nine months in 2015, the USMC Ground Combat Element Integrated Task Force (GCEITF) conducted scientifically-monitored field exercises that simulated wartime requirements for direct ground combat units. Unlike gender-integrated support units that serve “in harm’s way” in war zones, these are small fighting teams that seek out and attack the enemy with deliberate offensive action.
The full Interim CMR Special Report-Part II cites specific documents that are linked in the endnotes. Among other things, all-male task force teams outperformed mixed-gender units in 69 percent (92 of 134) ground combat tasks. Individual and group performance data also showed significantly higher rates of female injuries and early fatigue that affected marksmanship:
Donnelly continued, “Due to unchangeable physical disadvantages among women that clearly affect survivability and lethality in battle, officials should discontinue plans to order women into combat arms units such as the Marine and Army infantry, armor, artillery, and Special Operations Forces, including Rangers and Navy SEALs.”
Task Force tests were designed to test a simple Research Study Hypothesis: “[A]n integrated unit under gender-neutral standards will perform equally as well as a gender-restricted unit.” Despite positive expectations, Task Force data and findings disproved the hypothesis.
For purposes of comparison and clarity, the Interim CMR Special Report includes two sections that explain why this happened, and why it would be wrong and dangerous to treat military women like men in the combat arms:
Donnelly concluded, “Comprehensive Marine Corps research tests have produced highly credible, reality-based, scientific data that discredits theories about gender equality in the combat arms. Much of this information was not available when the Obama Administration announced that women would be assigned to direct ground combat units.
“The armed forces should not be forced to rely upon unsupported theories, convoluted calculations or “best case scenarios” that disregard known high risks. It is necessary to analyze mitigation ideas that would make life in the combat arms more difficult and more dangerous, with no offsetting benefits in terms of military effectiveness.
“Secretary of Defense Carter and military service secretaries have the solemn responsibility to take this information seriously, and to restore sound priorities in all policies affecting women in the military. Members of Congress also must shoulder their constitutional responsibility to conduct responsible oversight before irreparable damage is done to the All-Volunteer Force.”
To schedule an interview on this subject, call Elaine Donnelly at 734/464-9430. More information, including previous CMR Special Reports, are available at www.cmrlink.org.
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The Center for Military Readiness, founded in 1993, is an independent, non-partisan, educational organization that reports on and analyzes military/social issues. Elaine Donnelly served as a member of the congressionally-established 1992 Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces, which studied all aspects of the women in combat issue for a full year.