Issues Research & Analysis
More background information and historic documents on this topic may be available in the 'Essential Resources' section of this website, or in a previous edition of CMR E-Notes, archived here.
January 7, 2002

Summary and Overview:  Why it is Important to Understand the Difference

The question of whether professed homosexuals are eligible to serve in the military remains unclear to many observers, even though Congress passed a law in 1993 that excludes homosexuals from the military.

The historic record indicates that Congress gave careful consideration to President Clinton’s plan to accommodate gays in the military, known as "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell," or DADT for short. Members ultimately rejected it, however, because the concept was unworkable and indefensible in court. Contrary to inaccurate news reports, which persist to this day, the DADT policy that President Clinton formally proposed on July 19, 1993, was never adopted or codified in law. . .

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January 4, 2002
The following article addressed issues of military culture, as raised in an earlier article written by Sara Lister, who served as Army Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Personnel during the Clinton years. (In 1997, Ms. Lister caused great controversy by referring to the Marines as "extremists.") Introduction: "The true crisis in the military is the credibility gap between Pentagon leaders and the troops they lead. High-ranking officers [In photo: Army General Hugh Shelton, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs with Bill Clinton, the Commander in Chief] have lobbied for legislation and equivocated on readiness issues, eroding the trust of their subordinates.". . . Read More

January 3, 2002
A British Army doctor has confirmed that female soldiers are paying for "equal opportunities" with a much higher risk of injury than men during basic training. Writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Lt. Col. Ian Gemmell noted that women’s rates of injury doubled when co-ed basic training was introduced, due to differences in strength, bone mass, and stride length. . . Read More

January 1, 2002
Fifteen public policy and pro-defense organizations with membership in the millions have joined with CMR in asking the Department of Defense to put an end to gender-integrated basic training. A letter dated July 25, 2001, was addressed to Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, and co-signed by respected groups such as the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Independent Women’s Forum, the American Conservative Union, Coalitions for America, Concerned Women for America, the Center for Security Policy, and Freedom Alliance. Among other things, the letter noted that co-ed training was one of the most controversial policies of the Clinton Administration, and that there is no need to continue a form of training that is known to be inefficient and problematic. . . Read More

January 1, 2002
Twenty-eight members of the House Armed Services Committee, including five sub-committee chairmen and three Democrats, have signed a formal letter addressed to Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, asking about the status of various issues involving women in the military. In particular, Rep. Roscoe Bartlett and 27 other HASC members asked whether the Army is training female soldiers for certain Surveillance Troop positions in the newly-forming Interim Brigade Combat Teams. The lighter, faster IBCTs, which are key element in Army “Transformation” but will not be ready for deployment for several years, are designed to engage in Direct Ground Combat (DGC). An 85-member sub-unit of the Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) Squadron, called the Surveillance Troop, is of particular concern. CMR has since learned that only 12 of the 85 positions in the Surveillance Troop are coded "P1" for "all-male," even though the RSTA Squadron is designed to fight for information, if necessary, as part of the IBCT "full spectrum early entry combat force." According to the former Commander of the U.S. Army Armor Command at Fort Knox, KY, the mission of the RSTA Squadron "directly meets the Department of Defense definition of ‘direct ground combat,’" and should therefore be coded "P1" for all-male. . . Read More